Статья опубликована в рамках: Научного журнала «Студенческий» № 19(105)
Рубрика журнала: Филология
JOURNALISM AS A PHENOMENON
ЖУРНАЛИСТИКА КАК ФЕНОМЕН
Караматдинова Айжамал Дженгис кызы
студент, факультет международной журналистики Узбекский государственный университет мировых языков,
Узбекистан, г. Ташкент
The thesis pays a particular attention to the rule of journalism as a phenomenon. In the second half of the 20th century, the fields of journalism, journalism and media text are developing so quickly and actively. Therefore, it will increase the possibility of original journalistic creativity.
В статьи уделяется особое внимание господству журналистики как явления. Во второй половине 20-го века области журналистики, журналистики и медийного текста развиваются так быстро и активно. Следовательно, это увеличит возможности оригинального журналистского творчества.
Keywords: phenomenon; poetic character; scientific and technological progress; epistemological terms; journalistic creativity.
Ключевые слова: феномен; поэтический характер; научно-технический прогресс; гносеологические термины; журналистское творчество.
Journalism as a phenomenon realized mainly in journalism and existing in the form of media texts, as a special type of socio-political activity, a peculiar area of social reality more and more stubbornly requires its consideration as a separate phenomenon, a complex system with a set of its defining qualities not only social, but also artistic , poetic character. The intensive formation of journalism as a special type of socio-political and creative activity in the second half of the 20th century. was one of the consequences of those dynamic processes that took place in the modern world:
- incessant revolutionary social changes (primarily the fall of the colonial, and then the socialist system);
- scientific and technological progress - changes in the process of industrial production and the methods of functioning of the productive forces, primarily in technology and methods of obtaining new knowledge and transmitting information;
- the complication of public life, which continuously generates new forms of activity, creates the corresponding norms and social institutions.
Thus, we can say that media texts in such historical conditions take on to a large extent the tasks that have always been set for journalism and journalistic texts: to quickly respond to events, inform the reader about them and at the same time be the first to interpret what is happening for readers, viewers or listeners and to form a certain attitude to what is happening. Journalism, existing in media texts, occupies its niche between science and fiction, able to more fundamentally explain (science) or show more emotionally (fiction) the events that take place.
That is why the fields of journalism, journalism and media text are developing so quickly and actively in the second half of the 20th century, and this happens not only in social or epistemological terms (this is a subject of special discussion), but also in terms of art. In our opinion, we can say that journalism, implemented in media texts, currently already exists and as a special type of creative activity, along with literary and scientific literature, it has developed as a special form of creativity, a reflection of reality.
There are a number of expressive means that the media texts borrowed from fiction (paths, figures of poetic speech, etc.). The use of artistic images, elements of the artistic organization of the text - these are the resources that journalism uses in its texts, and they can be subjected to literary analysis.
In this regard, we can talk about the expressive means inherent in precisely media texts, in contrast to fiction. Journalistic creativity is a documentary reproduction of reality, the creation of its model, as close as possible to the original. Therefore, fact becomes the main source material for building a journalistic work, media text. A feature of the fact in journalistic creativity is that it exists in the subjective perception of the author and in this connection acquires figurative meaning. Actual narration is usually given in the form of subjective authors reflection, rather than objectified. Unlike fiction, in media there is a conscious rejection of the code adopted in fiction, the visual principle is inextricably linked with analysis, and the assessment of the fact is expressed directly and unequivocally.
The features of the content of the concept of fact are truth, concreteness, the volume of knowledge contained in the fact. The fact becomes not just a fact, but an estimated fact. The peculiarity of the estimated fact in the media text is that in journalistic activity the facts of objective reality are correlated not only with similar facts, but also with historical experience, with the achievements of theoretical thought, with the criteria for the formation of social relations.
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